Your guide to adding content to your Joomla site.
An article is the most basic unit of content in Joomla. Articles make up the majority of the sheer content of most Joomla sites. They are often organized into article categories, which then can be used to assist in sorting, presenting, and syndicating specific types of articles differently. Categories can be nested within one-another, but no one category or article can exist within multiple separate categories.
Let's say your site is all about recipes. You might have a recipe for pesto exist as a single article, but that article can be placed within the Sauce category which itself is in the Italian category. Your pesto article will appear as a result from queries made for either category.
Creating an article is the first step in adding content to your Joomla site.
The first step to creating a new article is to navigate to the Article Manager's Add a New Article page. This can be done using the admin menu at the top of the Administrator side of your Joomla site. Just navigate to Administrator > Content > Article Manager > Add a New Article and you should be brought to a page which includes a text editor and article-specific options (pictured above).
For the purpose of this tutorial, we will be using the TinyMCE content editor. You can replace the default content editor with one of your choice by installing it as an extension. We recommend RokPad 2 if you are looking for a text editor geared towards programmers with many of the integrated features you would find in a desktop text editor like Textmate, SublimeText, UltraEdit, and others.
The main editing page is where you can set the title of your article (point 1), category (point 2), and more. This is the primary content entry page for your Joomla site. All of your articles are created and edited on this page.
Setting your article's category can help you to sort and set different types of content into different menus and pages within your Joomla site. It is the most basic level of sorting between articles. An article can only exist inside one category at a time, though you can create nested categories which allows you to be as specific or broad as possible when sorting with filters.
Once you are done editing your article, you can save it and close the editing area using the options along the top of the page (point 3).
The Details Sidebar (point 4) allows you to set the publishing status, access, featured toggle, language, and tags for your article.
Templates have built-in functionality that supports designated images and links that appear outside of the in-line editor. These images and links may be present in particular iterations of your article (the front page, specific area of your article page, etc.) and should be added to the article using the fields below the text editor (pictured above).
You can upload or select an image to designate in the intro or full article designation (point 1), choose whether to have them float (appear) to the default, right, left, or take up their own line (point 2). You can also add alternate text which appears in place of the image for users that are unable to render image files (point 3). You can also create a caption which appears just below images on most templates, and have a special style setting to make them appear separate from the primary text the image is wrapped by (point 4).
Links work in much the same way. You can insert the actual link (point 5), designate text which will be linked to the destination URL (point 6), and set a target to determine how the link will be loaded (point 7).
You are not limited by these fields to insert media and/or links into an article. In fact, many sites rely almost exclusively on the in-line editor to insert images. These fields are in place specifically to allow templates and extensions which can make use of them to easily locate and utilize these resources. For example, you might use the Intro or Full Article Image feature to add images to RokSprocket.
The Publishing Options tab gives you access to options that relate directly to the publishing of your article. You can set a search engine friendly (SEF) alias (point 2), check the database ID for the article (point 3), set a different creator name (point 4), or give the author an alias other than what appears on their profile (point 5). You can also modify the creation date (point 6) and set a specified publishing date(s) (point 7).
The Article Options tab (point 1) gives you access to options that relate directly to how your article is displayed to visitors. You can go with global settings (default) or elect to redefine these options for the particular article.
The Configure Edit Screen tab (point 1) gives you access to configuration options that relate to the article editing screen, from the frontend, for the particular article. You can elect to hide publishing options, article options, images and links, and more.
The Metadata Options tab (point 1) gives you access to the metadata options for the article. Here, you can determine the metadata description, keywords, key reference, robot treatment, author (for metadata purposes), and content rights you wish to assign to visitors. You can also set an external reference used to link to external data sources (attribution).
The Article Permissions tab (point 1) is where you set permission levels for other users. This is used to prevent unauthorized people from editing your article. Global permissions are on by default, though this can be configured independently.